Oct 032014
 
PROFESSOR ROLAND G. SIMBULAN'S SWORN STATEMENT FOR THE HUMAN RIGHTS
REPARATION BOARD.


Republic of the Philippines }
Quezon City}



                                      SWORN STATEMENT

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS

     I, ROLAND G. SIMBULAN, Filipino, and of legal age, with residence
and postal address at____ Quezon City, after having been sworn to in
accordance with law, do hereby state that:

     1. As a former political detainee who was arrested and tortured
during the Marcos martial law dictatorship, I am executing this sworn
statement and narrative of my experience in being arrested, tortured
and temporarily "made to disappear" during my detention, in accordance
with the requirements of the Human Rights Victims Reparation and
Recognition Act of 2013.

      2. I am presently FULL PROFESSOR 12 at the University of the
Philippines (U.P.) where I was elected and served as Faculty Regent of
the U.P. System (2006-2007), and Vice Chancellor for Planning and
Development in U.P. Manila (2002-2005).


THAT, I was arrested and detained twice during Martial Law for a total
of ten months in detention. First, in 1974, and then in 1977.  I was
first arrested in 1974 as I was accused of continuing my subversive
activities as organizer of the Kabataang Makabayan since my high
school days at the Ateneo, and later as KM community organizer and
general secretary (gensec) of KM chapters at Marikina and Rizal
(Coordinating Body - 3).  During martial law, I was being accused of
allegedly helping reorganize KM chapters in Marikina and Rizal towns
under the underground organization, Bagong Katipunan.

     THAT, during the first time that I was arrested in 1974, I was
severely tortured both physically and mentally by members of the 5th
Constabulary Security Group. I lost two of my teeth in the process of
being punched and knocked down during interrogation.  It also caused
the disruption of the studies at U.P. where I was still at the early
stages of my university curriculum.

     THAT, in 1974, when I was first abducted and arrested one evening
in March 1974, by armed agents of the 5th Constabulary Security
Group(5th CSU), I was kept incommunicado and made to "disappear"  for
almost three weeks of my detention while being interrogated. This
caused great anguish on the part of my parents, relatives and friends
who, upon visiting several military camps looking for me when I
suddenly disappeared, were told by military authorities that I was not
arrested nor detained there.

      THAT when I was brought and detained at first at Camp Crame, at
the offices of the 5th CSU for three weeks, I was physically and
mentally tortured. During my so-called tactical interrogation for
almost two and a half days, I was threatened to death and
intentionally, they made me overhear conversation among themselves to
"make me disappear", punched on the head and body, by a certain Sgt.
Villanueva and other unknown torturer-agents of the 5th CSU at Camp
Crame, and who were mostly not wearing any uniform or identification
insignias. During the interrogation, I was not allowed to sleep nor
given enough food and just given biscuits and a little water. A loaded
gun was even placed on the table, maybe for them to see if I would
grab it so they would have a reason to shoot me down while ostensibly
trying to escape. On my second night in the CSU cell, a group of
farmers from Bulacan were brought in, when I started conversing with
them to find out where they are from and what happened to them, a man
wearing black commando uniform and black boots, with an UZI
submachinegun hung on his shoulder, came into the cell and, while
cursing, started kicking my legs and body, saying, "Kahit nakakulong
ka na, hindi ka pa nadala, at patuloy at teach-in mo, ha" (SOB, you
are already detained and you are still at it, continuing with your
teach-ins).  I later found out from other detainees that that man who
kicked me that night was the notorious torturer, then Lt. Rodolfo
Aguinaldo. During that period, I suffered sleepless nights, mental
anguish. From our cell, we could hear some of the other detainees who
were brought out of our CSU cell from time to time screaming while
undergoing "tactical interrogation".  Probably, if not for the
inquiries and pressure from the high ranking PMA classmates of my
father to surface me, I might have been really "made to disappear".



       THAT, after three weeks at Camp Crame,  I was transferred and
detained at Ipil Rehabilitation Center at Fort Bonifacio late March,
1974. I was assigned to by fellow detainees and joined "Chow Group 13"
there headed by Mr. George Parong. Chow groups were actually "alalay"
groups where detainees at Ipil organized themselves into units for
group support, economic and political tasks even while in detention.
My Chow group mates at that time during my detention at IPIL included
George Parong (chow group leader), Felix Dalisay, Elis de la Cruz,
then Dela Salle Brother Sam Bueser (who later after EDSA 1 became
mayor of Alaminos, Laguna) , Joey Papa, Rudy Alvarez and Jun "Bulldog"
Bermudez. At Ipil Rehabilitation Center, I became close to other
detainees like Roger Mangahas, Doroteo Abaya, Diosdado "Apung" Layug,
who was then at 72 yrs.old the oldest detainee in the camp, etc..
Other male detainees at Ipil during my stay there whom I can recall
included Bienvenido Lumbera, Rigoberto "Bobi" Tiglao, Fr. Jose Nacu,
Bobby Tuazon, Oca, Aurelio, Wencie Olaguer, Rey Salao, Vic Felipe,
Jose "Jun" Cantor, Boy Villarta, Ricky Lee, Edgardo Pilapil, Bob Chua,
Sammy Rodriguez, Rodolfo "Pidol" Laurente, Homobono Adaza, Romeo
Dizon, Crispin Reyes, Leo Rodriguez, Danilo de Leon, Cesar Taguba,
Captain Rogelio Morales, Nicky Morales, etc.. On the other hand,
female detainees at Ipil during my detention there included Dolores
Feria, Judy Taguiwalo, Lorena Barros, Coni Ledesma, Bernie Aquino,
Racquel Edralin, Gavina Jallores, Jo-Ann Maglipon, Josie Foster, Ma.
Elena Ang, Lilia Quindoza, May Aurelio, Edna Baltazar, among many
others.

     The organization of "Chow Groups" by the detainees themselves at
Ipil at that time showed that political detainees were more organized
than their captors. And that political work and struggle does not end
with the arrest and detention of dedicated activists who are fighting
the Marcos dictatorship. The political detainees at Ipil were so
organized that they organized themselves into committees with economic
and practical tasks, in fact they even had a Library Committee in
which I was a member. A handwritten "underground" newsletter was even
painstakingly written and circulated secretly among the political
detainees.

      In her prison diary which was later published after the Marcos
era, PROJECT SEA HAWK: THE BARBED WIRE JOURNAL, former fellow Ipil
political prisoner Dolores Feria writes about the non-conformist and
restless "natural rebel soul" at Ipil Rehabilitation Center (IRC) ----
"the Seagull". I believe that I was that Seagull character that she
was referring to.

       THAT, in August 1974,  after an alleged attempt to gain
"self-release" at IPIL, I was transferred to the maximum security
facilities of the Youth Rehabilitation Center (YRC) also at Fort
Bonifacio, and placed in a "bartolina", a dark and damp isolation cell
measuring 3 meters by 2 meters where I was detained for six weeks.
Again, there at YRC, while staying at the dark bartolina, I was
brought out from time to time to an "office" where I suffered torture
by being handcuffed while a rope was tied between my handcuffs and was
hung on the ceiling with my feet about a foot from the floor. I was
punched several times like a punching bag at the front and back of my
body, while I was being asked with whom I was planning my escape. They
only stopped when I lost consciousness.

     While alone in that small bartolina at YRC,  I was not allowed to
go out sunning nor was I allowed to have any visitors. There was no
bed in that small cell, just a small piece of carton to use for
sleeping. There was no toilet in the bartolina, just a hole with a
small faucet which I used for my toilet and to clean up. That ordeal
in the bartolina was really mental torture, where time ticked like
water dripping slowly from a closed but leaking faucet. It was always
dark because there was no lightbulb inside. I was like a rat in a
small dark room where I tried to keep myself busy and fit by
continuously cleaning the floor and walls, and where I regimented
myself with regular exercises such as push ups and jumping jack.
There, I was in a cell next to detainee Fluellen Ortigas, and whom I
sometimes talked with, without ever seeing him except the corridor
seen from a very small window above the steel door. Long time YRC
detainees like Leoncio Co, Nilo Tayag and Jerry Araos were allowed to
briefly visit me just outside my bartoline. There also, a long-time
convicted prisoner, Commander Sumulong visited me outside my bartolina
and said something I cannot forget, "Swerte ka pa rin, barya barya
lang pagkakulong mo dito, ako, na-sentensyahan ng habang buhay nang
ilang beses." (You are still lucky, your detention days here are like
loose change for me because I have been sentenced to several life
sentences). I thought then that he was scaring me with some humor but
later reflected that he was trying to give relief to my isolated
situation. In late 1974, I was released from the Youth Rehabilitation
Center (YRC) at Fort Bonifacio.

     THAT, in 1977, I was again arrested for two months by the
Military Intelligence Group 5 (MIG 5) of the Intelligence Service of
the Armed Forces (ISAFP) at Bago Bantay, Quezon City. The 5th
MIG-ISAFP was then under Col. Pedro R. Balbanero who served as group
commander. Again, I was accused of "subversion" or violation of R.A.
1700, which in fact was because I served as associate editor of the
Philippine Collegian, the official student newspaper of the University
of the Philippines. They accused me of spreading malicious rumors and
communist propaganda through my articles and columns in the Philippine
Collegian. My other companions and fellow editors from the Philippine
Collegian who had earlier been arrested included the late Abraham
"Ditto " Sarmiento, our editor in chief, and Ms. Fides Lim, our
managing editor. But this time, they tried to use psy-war on me by
saying that those who had been arrested earlier had pointed to me as
being the alleged "political commissar" who was giving directions to
the anti-Marcos subversive slant of the Philippine Collegian.

     THAT, I remember that during the Marcos dictatorship's martial
law years, all political detainees who were later released and
classified as "temporarily released detainees" were all asked to
submit detailed written reports of all their daily/weekly activities
and to submit these reports in person to the AFP/PC authorities once a
month as supervised by the COMCAD or Command for the Administration of
Detainees at Fort Aguinaldo. We were not allowed to leave MetroManila
nor leave the country without permission from COMCAD. The monthly
requirement became so boring and ridiculous that, to be thorough, I
included as part of my routine activities, breakfast, lunch, brushing
my teeth, having a siesta, etc..


     THAT, because I was a former political detainee during Martial
Law, I became a member of SELDA in the early 90s, an association of
former political detainees. My membership in this association has made
me realize that we who survived the nightmare of martial law were
still lucky to live through all this and survive to be of further
service to the people, because so many others have struggled during
those years and paid dearly with their lives to free our people and
nation from the dictatorship. This was during the time that the late
Dan Vizmanos became president of SELDA.

      THAT, I am submitting the following supporting documents as
annexes which are attached to this sworn statement, which include:

     1. ANNEX A: Subject: Supervision of Temporary Released Detainees,
listing the conditions/ terms of temporary released detainee Roland
Simbulan, Detainee No. 5081. Signed by Pedro R. Balbanero, Colonel, PA
Group Commander. Oct. 17, 1974.

     2. ANNEX B: Pledge of Allegiance, Oct. 17, 1974.

     3. ANNEX C: Temporary Release Order of Detainee No. 5081 Roland
Simbulan and signed by PC Chief Major General Fidel V. Ramos, dated
Oct. 7, 1974.

     4. ANNEX D:  Letter of the late U.P. Dean of Students Armando J.
Malay to my instructors and professors at U.P. to give me special
final examinations which I was not able to take because of my
detention. Dated Oct. 25, 1974.

     5. ANNEX E: SUBPOENA/ DUCES TECUM, AFP Military Tribunals Office
of the Prosecution Division Complaint for Violation of RA 1700, signed
by Col. Manuel B. Casaclang, Chief, Prosecution Division, Military
Tribunal and Capt. Pablito de la Cruz, of Judge Advocate General
Service(JAGS), dated Nov. 16, 1977.

     6. ANNEX F: Certification of Col. R. Balbanero, 5th Military
Intelligence Group, ISAFP that I was rearrested for alleged violation
of PD 33 and released on May 18, 1977. Dated May 1977.

     7. ANNEX G: Terms for Supervision of Temporary Released Detainee
Roland Simbulan, Detainee No. 20770, dated August 29, 1977.

     8. ANNEX H: Letter from Central Reporting Office on Temporary
Released Detainees, Camp Aguinaldo, instructing Roland Simbulan to see
my supervisor at Camp Aguinaldo, dated Oct. 8, 1977.

    9. ANNEX I:  Joint Guarantors' Pledge from my parents, Dante and
Grace Simbulan, subscribed and sworn before Major Jaime B. Reola, PA,
Administering Officer, HQ, 5th MIG, ISAFP, Bago Bantay, Q.C.. dated
May 18, 1977.

     10. ANNEX J: Release Order of Temporary Release of Detainee No.
20770, Roland Simbulan, signed by General Romeo C. Espino, Chief of
Staff and Commander, Command for the Administration of Detainees
(CAD), Dated Aug. 2, 1977.

     11. ANNEX K: Sinumpaang Salaysay of former fellow detainee, FELIX
CRUZ DALISAY , certifying that Roland Simbulan was one of his fellow
detainees at IPIL Rehabilitation Center at Fort Bonifacio. Notarized
with I.D. attached. Dated MAY 19, 2014.

     I attest to the following facts of my ordeal as a political
prisoner who was abducted, arrested, tortured and detained illegally
without trial during the Marcos Martial Law dictatorship.


     IN WITNESS WHEREOF,  I hereunto set my hand and affix my
signature this  __________day of _______2014, at _________,
Philippines.




       _______________________________
             ROLAND G. SIMBULAN
                    AFFIANT



                                    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES}
CITY OF ______________} S.S.

     BEFORE ME, a Notary Public for and in the above jurisdiction on
this ____day of _____2014, personally came and appeared ROLAND G.
SIMBULAN,
competent evidence of his identity _________issued on _______in _________,
known to me and to me known to be the same person who executed the
foregoing   sworn statement.

    WITNESS MY HAND AND OFFICIAL SEAL on the date and place above written.

DOC. NO. ___________; Page No. __________;


Book No. ______________; Series of 2014.

   

 

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