PROFESSOR ROLAND G. SIMBULAN'S SWORN STATEMENT FOR THE HUMAN RIGHTS REPARATION BOARD. Republic of the Philippines } Quezon City} SWORN STATEMENT KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS I, ROLAND G. SIMBULAN, Filipino, and of legal age, with residence and postal address at____ Quezon City, after having been sworn to in accordance with law, do hereby state that: 1. As a former political detainee who was arrested and tortured during the Marcos martial law dictatorship, I am executing this sworn statement and narrative of my experience in being arrested, tortured and temporarily "made to disappear" during my detention, in accordance with the requirements of the Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013. 2. I am presently FULL PROFESSOR 12 at the University of the Philippines (U.P.) where I was elected and served as Faculty Regent of the U.P. System (2006-2007), and Vice Chancellor for Planning and Development in U.P. Manila (2002-2005). THAT, I was arrested and detained twice during Martial Law for a total of ten months in detention. First, in 1974, and then in 1977. I was first arrested in 1974 as I was accused of continuing my subversive activities as organizer of the Kabataang Makabayan since my high school days at the Ateneo, and later as KM community organizer and general secretary (gensec) of KM chapters at Marikina and Rizal (Coordinating Body - 3). During martial law, I was being accused of allegedly helping reorganize KM chapters in Marikina and Rizal towns under the underground organization, Bagong Katipunan. THAT, during the first time that I was arrested in 1974, I was severely tortured both physically and mentally by members of the 5th Constabulary Security Group. I lost two of my teeth in the process of being punched and knocked down during interrogation. It also caused the disruption of the studies at U.P. where I was still at the early stages of my university curriculum. THAT, in 1974, when I was first abducted and arrested one evening in March 1974, by armed agents of the 5th Constabulary Security Group(5th CSU), I was kept incommunicado and made to "disappear" for almost three weeks of my detention while being interrogated. This caused great anguish on the part of my parents, relatives and friends who, upon visiting several military camps looking for me when I suddenly disappeared, were told by military authorities that I was not arrested nor detained there. THAT when I was brought and detained at first at Camp Crame, at the offices of the 5th CSU for three weeks, I was physically and mentally tortured. During my so-called tactical interrogation for almost two and a half days, I was threatened to death and intentionally, they made me overhear conversation among themselves to "make me disappear", punched on the head and body, by a certain Sgt. Villanueva and other unknown torturer-agents of the 5th CSU at Camp Crame, and who were mostly not wearing any uniform or identification insignias. During the interrogation, I was not allowed to sleep nor given enough food and just given biscuits and a little water. A loaded gun was even placed on the table, maybe for them to see if I would grab it so they would have a reason to shoot me down while ostensibly trying to escape. On my second night in the CSU cell, a group of farmers from Bulacan were brought in, when I started conversing with them to find out where they are from and what happened to them, a man wearing black commando uniform and black boots, with an UZI submachinegun hung on his shoulder, came into the cell and, while cursing, started kicking my legs and body, saying, "Kahit nakakulong ka na, hindi ka pa nadala, at patuloy at teach-in mo, ha" (SOB, you are already detained and you are still at it, continuing with your teach-ins). I later found out from other detainees that that man who kicked me that night was the notorious torturer, then Lt. Rodolfo Aguinaldo. During that period, I suffered sleepless nights, mental anguish. From our cell, we could hear some of the other detainees who were brought out of our CSU cell from time to time screaming while undergoing "tactical interrogation". Probably, if not for the inquiries and pressure from the high ranking PMA classmates of my father to surface me, I might have been really "made to disappear". THAT, after three weeks at Camp Crame, I was transferred and detained at Ipil Rehabilitation Center at Fort Bonifacio late March, 1974. I was assigned to by fellow detainees and joined "Chow Group 13" there headed by Mr. George Parong. Chow groups were actually "alalay" groups where detainees at Ipil organized themselves into units for group support, economic and political tasks even while in detention. My Chow group mates at that time during my detention at IPIL included George Parong (chow group leader), Felix Dalisay, Elis de la Cruz, then Dela Salle Brother Sam Bueser (who later after EDSA 1 became mayor of Alaminos, Laguna) , Joey Papa, Rudy Alvarez and Jun "Bulldog" Bermudez. At Ipil Rehabilitation Center, I became close to other detainees like Roger Mangahas, Doroteo Abaya, Diosdado "Apung" Layug, who was then at 72 yrs.old the oldest detainee in the camp, etc.. Other male detainees at Ipil during my stay there whom I can recall included Bienvenido Lumbera, Rigoberto "Bobi" Tiglao, Fr. Jose Nacu, Bobby Tuazon, Oca, Aurelio, Wencie Olaguer, Rey Salao, Vic Felipe, Jose "Jun" Cantor, Boy Villarta, Ricky Lee, Edgardo Pilapil, Bob Chua, Sammy Rodriguez, Rodolfo "Pidol" Laurente, Homobono Adaza, Romeo Dizon, Crispin Reyes, Leo Rodriguez, Danilo de Leon, Cesar Taguba, Captain Rogelio Morales, Nicky Morales, etc.. On the other hand, female detainees at Ipil during my detention there included Dolores Feria, Judy Taguiwalo, Lorena Barros, Coni Ledesma, Bernie Aquino, Racquel Edralin, Gavina Jallores, Jo-Ann Maglipon, Josie Foster, Ma. Elena Ang, Lilia Quindoza, May Aurelio, Edna Baltazar, among many others. The organization of "Chow Groups" by the detainees themselves at Ipil at that time showed that political detainees were more organized than their captors. And that political work and struggle does not end with the arrest and detention of dedicated activists who are fighting the Marcos dictatorship. The political detainees at Ipil were so organized that they organized themselves into committees with economic and practical tasks, in fact they even had a Library Committee in which I was a member. A handwritten "underground" newsletter was even painstakingly written and circulated secretly among the political detainees. In her prison diary which was later published after the Marcos era, PROJECT SEA HAWK: THE BARBED WIRE JOURNAL, former fellow Ipil political prisoner Dolores Feria writes about the non-conformist and restless "natural rebel soul" at Ipil Rehabilitation Center (IRC) ---- "the Seagull". I believe that I was that Seagull character that she was referring to. THAT, in August 1974, after an alleged attempt to gain "self-release" at IPIL, I was transferred to the maximum security facilities of the Youth Rehabilitation Center (YRC) also at Fort Bonifacio, and placed in a "bartolina", a dark and damp isolation cell measuring 3 meters by 2 meters where I was detained for six weeks. Again, there at YRC, while staying at the dark bartolina, I was brought out from time to time to an "office" where I suffered torture by being handcuffed while a rope was tied between my handcuffs and was hung on the ceiling with my feet about a foot from the floor. I was punched several times like a punching bag at the front and back of my body, while I was being asked with whom I was planning my escape. They only stopped when I lost consciousness. While alone in that small bartolina at YRC, I was not allowed to go out sunning nor was I allowed to have any visitors. There was no bed in that small cell, just a small piece of carton to use for sleeping. There was no toilet in the bartolina, just a hole with a small faucet which I used for my toilet and to clean up. That ordeal in the bartolina was really mental torture, where time ticked like water dripping slowly from a closed but leaking faucet. It was always dark because there was no lightbulb inside. I was like a rat in a small dark room where I tried to keep myself busy and fit by continuously cleaning the floor and walls, and where I regimented myself with regular exercises such as push ups and jumping jack. There, I was in a cell next to detainee Fluellen Ortigas, and whom I sometimes talked with, without ever seeing him except the corridor seen from a very small window above the steel door. Long time YRC detainees like Leoncio Co, Nilo Tayag and Jerry Araos were allowed to briefly visit me just outside my bartoline. There also, a long-time convicted prisoner, Commander Sumulong visited me outside my bartolina and said something I cannot forget, "Swerte ka pa rin, barya barya lang pagkakulong mo dito, ako, na-sentensyahan ng habang buhay nang ilang beses." (You are still lucky, your detention days here are like loose change for me because I have been sentenced to several life sentences). I thought then that he was scaring me with some humor but later reflected that he was trying to give relief to my isolated situation. In late 1974, I was released from the Youth Rehabilitation Center (YRC) at Fort Bonifacio. THAT, in 1977, I was again arrested for two months by the Military Intelligence Group 5 (MIG 5) of the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces (ISAFP) at Bago Bantay, Quezon City. The 5th MIG-ISAFP was then under Col. Pedro R. Balbanero who served as group commander. Again, I was accused of "subversion" or violation of R.A. 1700, which in fact was because I served as associate editor of the Philippine Collegian, the official student newspaper of the University of the Philippines. They accused me of spreading malicious rumors and communist propaganda through my articles and columns in the Philippine Collegian. My other companions and fellow editors from the Philippine Collegian who had earlier been arrested included the late Abraham "Ditto " Sarmiento, our editor in chief, and Ms. Fides Lim, our managing editor. But this time, they tried to use psy-war on me by saying that those who had been arrested earlier had pointed to me as being the alleged "political commissar" who was giving directions to the anti-Marcos subversive slant of the Philippine Collegian. THAT, I remember that during the Marcos dictatorship's martial law years, all political detainees who were later released and classified as "temporarily released detainees" were all asked to submit detailed written reports of all their daily/weekly activities and to submit these reports in person to the AFP/PC authorities once a month as supervised by the COMCAD or Command for the Administration of Detainees at Fort Aguinaldo. We were not allowed to leave MetroManila nor leave the country without permission from COMCAD. The monthly requirement became so boring and ridiculous that, to be thorough, I included as part of my routine activities, breakfast, lunch, brushing my teeth, having a siesta, etc.. THAT, because I was a former political detainee during Martial Law, I became a member of SELDA in the early 90s, an association of former political detainees. My membership in this association has made me realize that we who survived the nightmare of martial law were still lucky to live through all this and survive to be of further service to the people, because so many others have struggled during those years and paid dearly with their lives to free our people and nation from the dictatorship. This was during the time that the late Dan Vizmanos became president of SELDA. THAT, I am submitting the following supporting documents as annexes which are attached to this sworn statement, which include: 1. ANNEX A: Subject: Supervision of Temporary Released Detainees, listing the conditions/ terms of temporary released detainee Roland Simbulan, Detainee No. 5081. Signed by Pedro R. Balbanero, Colonel, PA Group Commander. Oct. 17, 1974. 2. ANNEX B: Pledge of Allegiance, Oct. 17, 1974. 3. ANNEX C: Temporary Release Order of Detainee No. 5081 Roland Simbulan and signed by PC Chief Major General Fidel V. Ramos, dated Oct. 7, 1974. 4. ANNEX D: Letter of the late U.P. Dean of Students Armando J. Malay to my instructors and professors at U.P. to give me special final examinations which I was not able to take because of my detention. Dated Oct. 25, 1974. 5. ANNEX E: SUBPOENA/ DUCES TECUM, AFP Military Tribunals Office of the Prosecution Division Complaint for Violation of RA 1700, signed by Col. Manuel B. Casaclang, Chief, Prosecution Division, Military Tribunal and Capt. Pablito de la Cruz, of Judge Advocate General Service(JAGS), dated Nov. 16, 1977. 6. ANNEX F: Certification of Col. R. Balbanero, 5th Military Intelligence Group, ISAFP that I was rearrested for alleged violation of PD 33 and released on May 18, 1977. Dated May 1977. 7. ANNEX G: Terms for Supervision of Temporary Released Detainee Roland Simbulan, Detainee No. 20770, dated August 29, 1977. 8. ANNEX H: Letter from Central Reporting Office on Temporary Released Detainees, Camp Aguinaldo, instructing Roland Simbulan to see my supervisor at Camp Aguinaldo, dated Oct. 8, 1977. 9. ANNEX I: Joint Guarantors' Pledge from my parents, Dante and Grace Simbulan, subscribed and sworn before Major Jaime B. Reola, PA, Administering Officer, HQ, 5th MIG, ISAFP, Bago Bantay, Q.C.. dated May 18, 1977. 10. ANNEX J: Release Order of Temporary Release of Detainee No. 20770, Roland Simbulan, signed by General Romeo C. Espino, Chief of Staff and Commander, Command for the Administration of Detainees (CAD), Dated Aug. 2, 1977. 11. ANNEX K: Sinumpaang Salaysay of former fellow detainee, FELIX CRUZ DALISAY , certifying that Roland Simbulan was one of his fellow detainees at IPIL Rehabilitation Center at Fort Bonifacio. Notarized with I.D. attached. Dated MAY 19, 2014. I attest to the following facts of my ordeal as a political prisoner who was abducted, arrested, tortured and detained illegally without trial during the Marcos Martial Law dictatorship. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I hereunto set my hand and affix my signature this __________day of _______2014, at _________, Philippines. _______________________________ ROLAND G. SIMBULAN AFFIANT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES} CITY OF ______________} S.S. BEFORE ME, a Notary Public for and in the above jurisdiction on this ____day of _____2014, personally came and appeared ROLAND G. SIMBULAN, competent evidence of his identity _________issued on _______in _________, known to me and to me known to be the same person who executed the foregoing sworn statement. WITNESS MY HAND AND OFFICIAL SEAL on the date and place above written. DOC. NO. ___________; Page No. __________; Book No. ______________; Series of 2014.