Oct 182014
 

http://wikileaks.org/cable/2007/05/07ANILA1702.html#
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07ANILA1702
2007-05-24 08:22
2011-08-30 01:44
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Embassy Manila

VZCZCXRO5076
OO RUEHCHI RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHML #1702/01 1440822
ZNR UUUUU ZZ
O 240822Z MAY 07
FM AMEMBASSY MANILA
TO RUEC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6642
INFO RUEHZS/ASSCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS IMMEDIATE
RHHMUNA/CDRUSPACOM HONOLULU HI IMMEDIATE
RUEKJCS/SECDF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ANILA 001702

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: /A
TAGS: PHUM PGOV RP
SUBJECT: PHILIPPINE POICE, MILITARY CONTINUE EFFORTS AGAINST UNLAWFUL KILLINGS

REF: A. MANILA 855
¶B. MANILA 777
¶C. MANILA 458

¶1. (SBU) Summary. Policecontinue to file new cases
against suspects in ulawful killings, leading already to
several arrets and ongoing prosecutions, in addition to four
arlier convictions. The Armed Forces launched twodozen
inquiries into alleged involvement by miliary personnel in
some cases. President Arroyo pans soon to sign an Executive
Order mandating poice/prosecution cooperation in order to
improve cances of successful convictions in cases of
unlaful murders and other crimes. A European Union
elegation in June will examine possibility for futre
assistance against unlawful killings. Embssy officials
continue to highlight both U.S. concern for such crimes as
well as our desire to find additional ways to help the
Philippines combat this problem. End Summary.

Police investigations
———————

¶2. (SBU) Philippine National Police (PNP) Task Force Usig
Commander Geary Barias on May 22 provided an update to Pol/C
on efforts to bring to justice those involved in unlawful
killings of leftist activists and journalists (ref c). Key
accomplishments in recent months regarding 116 killings of
leftists and 27 killings of journalists from 2001 to the
present have been:
— filing of two more cases related to leftist killings,
bringing the total of cases in which police have filed
charges to 52, along with 21 cases related to killings of
journalists;
— investigations continue on another 64 leftist killings
and on five journalist killings;
— two more arrests of suspects in leftist killings,
bringing the total to twelve suspects in jail in nine
different cases;
— eighteen suspects currently in detention in journalist
killings awaiting trial, with another four already convicted,
and one suspect released on bail;
— filing of charges in five of the six cases of leftist
killings with “military elements” as suspects (with one
arrest and one surrendered suspect already), as well as
charges in two of five other cases in which suspects were
“military assets” (leading to one arrest already); and,
— an additional three police superintendents have been
relieved of command (in Misamis Oriental, Iloilo, and Quezon
provinces) for suspected involvement in or failure adequately
to pursue cases of unlawful killings, in addition to four
others relieved of command earlier (in Laguna, Albay,
Sorsogon and Kalinga provinces).

¶3. (U) The PNP has now set up its own internal Human Rights
Committee, with specific responsibility to investigate cases
in which police are suspects in killings of leftists or
journalists. It also provides human rights training. Pol/C
and the U.S. Senior Law Enforcement Advisor will meet with
its commander during the week of May 28 to determine ways in
which the U.S. Embassy might be of assistance.

¶4. (U) Task Force Usig statistics indicate that there have
in 2007 so far been four killings of leftist activists and
one of a journalist, compared to 39 and 2, respectively, for
¶2006. General Barias said that President Arroyo recently had
ordered that the PNP resolve at least 20 more cases before
the end of the year, a target that he predicted Task Force
Usig would meet or exceed.

Military efforts
—————-

¶5. (SBU) In a separate meeting on May 21, Lt. Col.
Benedicto M. Jose, Chief of the Armed Forces of the
Philippines’ (AFP) four-month old Human Rights Office (HRO),
briefed Pol/C on latest efforts. The HRO has already
launched 24 “inquiries” into unlawful killings with alleged
involvement of AFP personnel. The current focus is primarily
on cases that took place in 2006 or 2007, especially related
to unusual concentrations of cases in northern Luzon and
Bicol regions. Initial responses from commanders in the
field tentatively ruled out complicity by AFP personnel in
most cases, and often assigned blame to elements of the New
People’s Army (NPA) or declared that the deaths took place
during military operations against the NPA. In a few cases,
the commanders were able to refute that the alleged killings
took place at all, citing inaccurate media reporting. Lt.
Col. Jose said that he would strengthen the HRO’s
investigatory cooperation with not only the AFP’s Offices of

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