Sep 152014
 

http://wikileaks.org/cable/2009/06/09MANILA1219.html#
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09MANILA1219
2009-06-08 08:30
2011-08-30 01:44
SECRET//NOFORN
Embassy Manila

VZCZCXRO2838
OO RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHML #1219/01 1590830
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
O 080830Z JUN 09
FM AMEMBASSY MANILA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4310
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS IMMEDIATE
RUEHTC/AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE IMMEDIATE 0705
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RUEAWJA/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
RUEAHLC/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
RHHMUNA/CDRUSPACOM HONOLULU HI IMMEDIATE
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 02 MANILA 001219

NOFORN
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/07/2019
TAGS: EFIN ETTC KTFN PGOV PREL PTER RP NL
SUBJECT: NO BASIS FOR REMOVAL OF JOSE SISON’S TERRORIST DESIGNATION

REF: A. THE HAGUE 309
¶B. MANILA 1204
¶C. MANILA 142
¶D. 2008 MANILA 1795

Classified By: Ambassador Kristie A. Kenney, Reasons 1.4 (b) and (d)

¶1. (S//NF) SUMMARY: Post believes it would be inadvisable
for the Government of the Netherlands to remove New People’s
Army (NPA) leader Jose M. Sison’s terrorist designation, as
detailed in reftel A. The NPA continues to carry out
terrorist attacks against commercial interests, ambushes of
police and military patrols, as well as targeted
assassinations of Philippine military and police personnel,
government officials, and civilians that are estimated to
result in more than 200 deaths annually, plus significant
economic losses. In Post’s view, the NPA remains a serious
threat to the country’s security, development, and the
continued consolidation of democratic institutions. The
designation of the NPA as a terrorist organization by the
U.S., EU, and others has materially hampered its
effectiveness and military capabilities. Post fully concurs
with the March 2009 INR assessment that the NPA continues to
carry out terrorist activities in the Philippines. END
SUMMARY.

Background: NPA Still a Serious Threat
—————————————

¶2. (S//NF) Post has reviewed reftel A request for
information that might counter the European Court of First
Instance’s possible revocation of NPA leader Jose Maria
Sison’s designation as a terrorist. As outlined in reftels B
and C, forty years after its founding as the armed wing of
the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), the NPA’s
numbers have decreased and its military capabilities
diminished, but it remains active in disrupting public
security and destroying infrastructure of business interests
it targets. From its 1980s peak of some 25,000 fighters, the
NPA is now estimated to number about 5,000. Despite this
reduced presence, NPA ambushes and military encounters claim
the lives of an estimated 150 police officers and soldiers
per year. Approximately 60 more security personnel,
government officials, and civilians identified by the NPA as
“informants” are killed via carefully premeditated
assassinations. Attacks against commercial interests
involving communications and transportation infrastructure
result in significant economic losses and occasional deaths.
The NPA leadership has also recently admitted to summary
killings of its own members during internal purges (reftel B).

¶3. (S//NF) The U.S. and EU designation of the NPA as a
terrorist organization has been instrumental in denying the
group access to funding, weapons, and other supplies,
degrading their ability to wage war and carry out terrorist
attacks. Although he is not so identified on the CPP’s own
website, most open-source references to the CPP and NPA
indicate that Sison remains Chairman of the CPP Central
Committee, of which the NPA serves as an armed wing.
Removing Sison’s designation as a terrorist would have the
effect of legitimizing brutal NPA terrorist attacks as a
legitimate armed struggle. Reducing pressure on the NPA
could bring a resurgence as an even larger threat to the
Philippines’ security, and an increase in attacks and
bloodshed.

Post’s Concurrence with Intelligence Community Consensus
——————————————— ———–

¶4. (S//NF) Post concurs fully with the March 2009
Intelligence Community Assessment of the NPA’s activities
since 2004. Among the Assessment’s key points most relevant
to the present discussion were the determination that the NPA
has conducted numerous premeditated, politically-motivated
attacks throughout the Philippines that have killed
civilians, police officers, government officials, and
politicians, as well as highly damaging attacks on economic
targets. The NPA’s attacks have included ambushes, raids,
assassinations, extortion operations, and kidnappings. The
Assessment identifies Jose Maria Sison as the current
Chairman of the NPA, and deems it likely that he runs the
terrorist NPA organization from the Netherlands.

Comment

MANILA 00001219 002 OF 002

——-

¶5. (S//NF) The absence of new information does not negate
the very significant information we have had for some time
regarding Sison. There is no statute of limitations for
terrorist behavior; even Sison’s temporary absence from a key
leadership role in the NPA — if indeed that were the case —
would not mean that he has been rehabilitated. If Sison and
the NPA were to reject their past actions and pledge not to
engage in such activity again, there might be some grounds
for revisiting their designations, but on the contrary they
refuse to agree to a ceasefire and continue to carry out
kidnappings and killings. Under the circumstances, removal
of Sison’s terrorist designation is inadvisable.
KENNEY

   

 

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