Oct 042014
 

http://wikileaks.org/cable/2010/02/10USUNNEWYORK104.html#
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10USUNNEWYORK104
2010-02-24 23:10
2011-08-30 01:44
CONFIDENTIAL
USUN New York

VZCZCXRO2521
OO RUEHDH RUEHSL
DE RUCNDT #0104/01 0552310
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 242310Z FEB 10
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8225
INFO RUCNDSC/DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHYY/GENEVA CD COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHII/VIENNA IAEA POSTS COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 USUN NEW YORK 000104

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/23/2020
TAGS: PREL PARM MNUC UNSC IR RP
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR RICE MEETS NPT REVIEW CONFERENCE PRESIDENT CABACTULAN

Classified By: Ambassador Susan E. Rice for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

¶1. (C) SUMMARY. Ambassador Rice on February 22 met with
Filipino Ambassador Libran Cabactulan, President-elect of the
Review Conference (RevCon) of the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to be held in May,
¶2010. Cabactulan said he is gauging expectations of the
States Parties to the NPT, and based on his meetings said he
is cautiously optimistic that the RevCon can achieve success
in strengthening the NPT regime. The flexibility of the
United States, he said, drives part of his optimism and is a
key to the success of the RevCon. Moreover, he said
expectations center on the nuclear-weapon states (NWS) making
clear and transparent progress on nuclear disarmament,
without which progress in other areas will be difficult. In
addition to nuclear disarmament commitments, Cabactulan said
progress on implementing the 1995 NPT RevCon resolution on
the Middle East will be key to success in May. Regarding
Iran, Cabactulan remarked that states should not overestimate
Iran’s ability to negatively influence NAM countries, but he
also said many NAM states sympathize with Iran as a
developing country with ambitions for peaceful nuclear
energy. Despite some NAM countries’ judgment that Iran could
undermine the RevCon, he assessed that many in NAM do not
consider Iran’s enriching uranium to 20% as problematic since
that level still falls within the parameters of peaceful
uses. END SUMMARY.

¶2. (C) Ambassador Rice on February 22 met with Filipino
Ambassador Libran Cabactulan, President-elect of the NPT
Review Conference (RevCon) to be held in May, 2010.
Ambassador Rice explained that the U.S. attaches great
importance to strengthening the NPT at the RevCon and
building on the high-profile commitments of President Obama
during his first year in office. Cabactulan said he will be
based in New York through the end of the RevCon and will make
himself available to NPT signatories. He said that based on
his meetings with signatories, he is guardedly optimistic
that the RevCon will be a success and strengthen the nuclear
non-proliferation regime. Ambassador Rice queried Cabactulan
on the mood of the states parties and whether some
delegations would come to the RevCon to make substantive
progress or grandstand. Cabactulan replied that signatories
want success, but he admitted that he is worried about the
difficulties that Iran in particular can make.

¶3. (C) Cabactulan assessed that most delegations have three
issues they want addressed: a robust strengthening of the
NPT regime, practical progress on implementing the 1995
resolution on the Middle East, and ensuring that no single
issue threatens the RevCon’s success. On the Middle East in
particular, he said the NAM and the Arab states recognize
there is an imbalance in the region where Israel, a non-NPT
party, adheres to the most minimal of safeguards while Iran,
as an NPT party, is forced to abide by tougher standards and
inspections. Progress on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the
Middle East is also crucial because, in his opinion, a
regional nuclear-arms race is a strong possibility.
Cabactulan said that most states parties, in particular
countries in the NAM, desire an unequivocal undertaking by
the NWS to make progress on nuclear disarmament, including a
change of nuclear doctrine and a practical “roadmap” of
implementation. The NAM would also like the creation of a
nuclear convention, consistent with the spirit of Article VI
of the NPT.

¶4. (C) With respect to Iran, Ambassador Rice said the
Iranians are inherently unconstructive and are not increasing
confidence in their nuclear program. Other countries need to
work toward keeping the RevCon positive and not dignify
Iran’s planned conference on nuclear disarmament scheduled
for April 18-19, one week before the RevCon’s commencement.
Cabactulan replied that we should not overestimate Iran’s
influence over NAM positions, but he judged that many NAM
states sympathize with Iran as a developing country with
ambitions for peaceful nuclear energy. Moreover, despite
some NAM countries’ judgment that Iran could undermine the
RevCon, he assessed that these same countries do not consider
Iran’s enriching uranium to 20% as problematic since that
level still falls within the parameters of peaceful uses.

¶5. (C) Cabactulan said that based on the negotiations during
the NPT Preparatory Committee (held in New York in April-May
2009) he added a third subsidiary body to focus on Article X
withdrawal provisions for the RevCon. Initially no party
objected to this decision, but he said Iran subsequently said
it opposed the establishment of this body. This issue must
be resolved, he said, because Iran–although it claims to
have no substantive opposition to the issue–could hijack an
otherwise facile procedural motion. Cabactulan noted that he

USUN NEW Y 00000104 002 OF 002

continues to engage with the Iranians on finding agreement to
this issue but has so far not received an official response.
However, at lower levels Iran has indicated that officials
will agree to discussing Article X withdrawal provisions in
committee but not in a subsidiary body.
RICE

   

 

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